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Glossary Of Terms

Glossary Of Terms

 

English           ->     Japanese

 

Numbers

Zero                                     Rei/Nuru

One                                       Itchi

Two                                       Ni

Three                                    San

Four                                       Shi/Yon

Five                                        Go

Six                                          Roku

Seven                                   Shitchi/Nana

Eight                                      Hatchi

Nine                                      Kyū

Ten                                        Jū

Eleven-Nineteen             Jū-Ichi/Jū-Kyū

Twenty                                 Ni-Jū

Thirty                                    San- Jū

Fourty                                   Yon- Jū

Fifty                                       Go- Jū

Sixty                                      Roku- Jū

Seventy                                Nana- Jū

Eighty                                   Hatchi- Jū

Ninety                                  Kyū-Jū

One Hundred                    Hyaku

 

Japanese       ->     English

 

General Terms

Budo                                     Martial Arts Or Military Way

Bushi                                     Warrior (sometimes Samurai)

Bushi-Do                              Way Of The Warrior

Chudan                                 Middle (middle area)

Hakama                                Traditional Pleated Pants

Dan                                        Adult Or Senior

Dojo                                      School Or Place Of Training

Gedan                                  Low (low area)

Gi                                            Uniform

Goju-Ryu (or Kai)             Hard Soft Style

Hai                                          Yes Or Agreement

Hjime                                    Go Or Start

Ippon Kumite                    One Point Sparring

Jiyu Kumite                         Free Sparring

Jodan                                    High/Upper (upper area)

Kara-Te-Do                         Empty Hand Way (or path)

Kara-Te-Ka                          Karate Student

Kata                                       Pattern Or Sequence

Keage                                   Snap

Kekomi                                 Thrust

Kiai                                         Loud Yell, Killing Blow

Kime                                      Focus And Energy

Kiok Tske                             Attention

Kobu-Do                              Way Of Weapons Or Weapons Training

Kumite                                 Sparring Or Practice Fighting

Kyu                                        Youth Or Junior

Makiwara                            Striking Surface

Mukuso                               Meditate

Nippon Kumite                 Two Point Sparring

Osu Or Oss                          Acknowledgement Without Agreement

Obi                                         Belt

Rei                                          Bow

Sanppon Kumite              Three Point Sparring

Seiza                                      Kneel

Sempai                                 Second In Charge, Assisstant

Sensei                                   Teacher Or Instructor

Shomen                               Front

Tai-Chi                                  Ultimate Or Supreme Meditation

Taikyoku                              First Course

Tameshiwara                     Breaking

Ushiro                                   Back

Yame                                     Stop

Yasume                                Relax

Yoi                                          Ready Or State Of Readiness

 

Stances

Han-Zenkutsu-Datchi     Half Forward Leaning Stance

Or                                           Or

Han-Kutsu-Datchi            Half Stance

Heiko-Datchi                      Relaxed or Parallel Stance

Kiba-Datchi                         Horse Stance

Kokutsu-Datchi                 Rear-Leaning Stance

Musubi-Datchi                  Kata Stance

Neko-Ashi-Datchi            Cat Stance

Shiko-Datchi                       Sumo Or Square Stance

Sanchin-Datchi                  Hour-Glass Stance

Zenkutsu-Dachi                                Forward-Leaning Stance

 

Strikes & Blocks

Geri                                       Kick

Ashi-Barai                            Foot Sweep

Fumikomi                            Stomp Or Stomp Kick

Hiza-Geri                             Knee Kick

Kansetsu-Geri                   Joint Kick

Mae-Geri                            Front Kick

Mikazuki-Geri                    Crescent Kick (inside or outside)

Muwashi-Geri                   Round House Kick

Tobi-Geri                             Jump Kick

Ushiro-Geri                        Back Kick

Yoko-Geri                            Side Kick

 

Zuki                                       Punch

Empai                                    Elbow Strike

Gyaku-Zuki                         Reverse Punch

Haito Or Haito-Uchi         Ridge Hand Strike

Kizami-Zuki                         Jab Punch

Ni-Zuki                                  Double Punch

Nukite                                  Spear Strike, Finger Strike

Oi-Zuki                                  Lunge Punch

Rekkan                                 Back Fist Punch (short)

San-Zuki                               Triple Punch

Shuto                                    Chop/Knife Hand Strike

Shuto-Uke                          Knife Hand Block

Tesho/Kaisho                    Open Palm Strike

Tettsui                                  Hammer Fist

Ucki                                       Strike

Ura Ken                               Back Fist Strike

 

Uke                                        Block

Chudan-Uke                      Inside Middle Block

Gedan-Burai                      Downward Block

Hariatoshi                            Three Point Circular Block

Jodan-Uke                          High Block

Kake-Uke                            Hooking Block

Muwashi-Uke                   Circular Block

Soto-Uke                             Outside Middle Block

Uchi-Uki                               Full Chambered Middle Block

 

Weapons

Bo or Kon                            Staff

Boken                                   Solid Wooden Training Sword

Escrima                                 Double Phillipino Fighting Sticks

Jo                                            Short Staff

Kamma                                 Short Sickle

Katana                                  Japanese Long Sword

Kubaton                               Small Stick (around 6 inches)

Nunchaku                           Short Sticks Joint With Chains Or Rope

Sai                                          Short Metal Rapier

Shinai                                    Bambo Training Sword

Shuriken                              Throwing Item (star, knife, dart, etc)

Tanto                                    Armor Piercing Knife

Tongfa                                  Handled Stick

Wakizashi                            Japanese Short Sword

Ulesi                                      Small Stick (around 20 inches)

 

Katas

Taikyoku Gedan                               First Course Lower

Taikyoku Chudan             First Course Middle

Taikyoku Jodan                 First Course Upper

Taikyoku Muwashi-Uke                First Course Circular Block

Taikyoku Kake-Uke         First Course Hooking Block

Gekisai Itch                         Attack And Smash One

Gekisai Ni                            Attack And Smash Two

Sanchin                                                The Three Battles

Tensho                                 Rotating Palms

Saifa                                      Destroy And Defeat

Bassai Dai                            Penetrating The Fortress

Seiunchin                            Attack Conquer And Suppress

Ni Hanchi                             Against The Wall

Seisun                                   Thirteen (hands, steps, movements, strikes, killing movements)

San Sei Ryu                         Thirty Six Movements

Shi Sho Chin                       Twenty Seven Movements

Seipai                                    Eighteen Movements

Kururumfa                          To Break The Attack

Suparempai                        One Hundred And Eight Movements

 

One Response

  1. student

    Very helpful.
    Dōmo arigatō gozaimasu, Sensei.

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